Grammar and Structures List for the Intermediate Level Examination
Click on the Grammar Points to find explanations and exercises.
|Grammar & Structures||What are they used for?||Some examples|
|GP 30: Reported Speech||Repeating messages, passing on information
Telling stories, jokes, checking facts.
|What is the height of the Empire State Building?
He wanted to know what the height of the Empire State Building was.
Did you phone your parents? said Jane. Jane asked us if we had phoned our parents
|GP 26: The third conditional - if/past perfect tense + would have/non finite verb||Expressing regret.
Describing a past that never was
Talking through the consequences of our actions.
|They would have gone to the concert if they had had tickets.
If he had known, he would have finished earlier.
|GP 27: The gerund -after certain prepositions
in certain idiomatic expressions
|After leaving work, he went to the gym.
It's no use talking to him.
Is it worth doing?
|To have something done.||Expressing the fact that the speaker commissioned an activity.||John had his house painted.|
|GP 11: Conjunctions|
|Conjunctions of reason and purpose, cause and result, concession.
As connectives and, but, nevertheless, or, however
|Talking about why people do things, the purpose of something, its cause, expressing surprise.
Expressing connections in a sentence, text or argument.
|She goes to the gym in order to keep fit.
There is a lack of water as a result of the hot weather.
Despite/in spite of his wealth, he wasn't happy.
|Variation in word order|
|Changes in word order in specific situations,||Expressing information accurately||To the north is|